Glossary

Refer to our glossary for any unknown terms or references in our Sunrise Binders website.
 
APPLIQUÉ – using a die to cut, apply and seal pieces of one material to the surface of another, effectively raising the finished artwork above the base layer.
 
AQUEOUS COATING – A water (rather than solvent) based coating, designed to meet EPA requirements.
 
BACK-UP – Print reverse side of sheet already printed on one side.
 
BLANKET – In offset lithography, a rubber surfaced fabric sheet attached to a cylinder which transfers the inked image from the press plate to the sheet being printed.
 
BLEED – When the image (work) extends beyond trim size.
 
CASEMADE – (or Turned Edge) cover material glued to a board and turned at the edges to like a hard cover book.
 
CENTER MARKS – Marks, usually crosses, at the exact centers, left and right, up and down, of the trim size. Used for registering work.
 
CLEAR OVERLAY – a clear layer of film on the outside allows for the insertion of a printed cover sheet.
 
COATING – A layer, such as clay or acrylic, applied to base stock that serves as a printing surface. Also see TOP COATING.
 
COLOR KEY – A proofing system utilizing multiple light sensitive colored transparent films to create a multi-colored image. Used for checking content & registration (but not color)
 
CASEMADE – (or Turned Edge) cover material glued to a board and turned at the edges to like a hard cover book.
 
CENTER MARKS – Marks, usually crosses, at the exact centers, left and right, up and down, of the trim size. Used for registering work.
 
CLEAR OVERLAY – a clear layer of film on the outside allows for the insertion of a printed cover sheet.
 
COATING – A layer, such as clay or acrylic, applied to base stock that serves as a printing surface. Also see TOP COATING.
 
COLOR KEY – A proofing system utilizing multiple light sensitive colored transparent films to create a multi-colored image. Used for checking content & registration (but not color)
 
EMBOSSED – A pattern pressed into the backside of a surface to create a raised texture.
 
ENAMEL – A coated paper, or a coating material used on paper.
 
END SHEET – A piece of paper which covers the inside portion of the front and back cover of a hardcover book. It overlaps the turned under portion of the cover mount to give the inside cover a finished look.
 
ENTRAPMENT – Completely sealing the clear overlay after the printed cover sheet has been inserted.
 
EUROHINGE – a binder produced from a single board (rather than 3 separate boards for front, back and spine) for superior strength and durability. A special machine is used to score or compress folding lines into a single board. Available in Flat-back Eurohinge (two compressions), the softer Semi Eurohinge (4 compressions) and Round-back or Curved (multiple compressions). This method creates a stronger hinge and more contemporary look than the traditional flat-back style.
 
OFFSET LITHOGRAPHY – The process where the ink is transferred from plate to a blanket and from blanket to the material to be printed. Commonly referred to as “offset.”
 
OFFSETTING – See SETOFF
 
OPACITY – That property of a sheet of stock which minimizes the “show-through” of printing from the back side or the next sheet.
 
PRESS PROOF – In color reproduction, a proof to indicate the appearance of a color subject printed on press.
 
PROOF – A trial impression.
 
REAM – Five hundred sheets of stock.
 
REGISTER – Fitting of two or more printed images on a sheet of stock in the proper alignment to each other.
 
REGISTER MARKS – Usually crosses applied to original copy prior to shooting final film. Used for positioning (registering) the various color films to each other.
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REVERSE OUT – The color of the stock, usually white, is the image surrounded (formed) by the color or colors being printed.
 
ROUTED HINGE – A binder or case made from a single piece of board where approx 85% of the board thickness is removed in one or more straight lines by a router, creating the folds for a  hinge.  Routed hinges are stronger than 3 separate boards, but weaker than Eurohinge.
 
TRIM MARKS – Marks placed on copy and films to indicate the edge of the finished size.
 
TRIM SIZE – The finished size of the printed piece.
 
TURN UNDER – That portion of a hard-bound cover mount that folds around the edge of binders board and is partially or completely covered by the end sheet:
 
UP – The imposition of images on a sheet, i.e., “4 up” would indicate that an image would appear in 4 positions on the sheet and occupy the entire sheet.
 
WASHUP – The process of removing and cleaning out inks from a press in preparation for making ready on another job.